Visit to SUWON-Hwaryeongjeon, Haeng-Gungand Hwaseong Fortress
Visit to SUWON -HWARYEONGJEON, HAENG-GUNG AND HWASEONG FORTRESS-
Sunday, September 23, 2012
Leader: Mr. Peter Bartholomew
The walled city of Suwon (meaning "water source") is the capital of Gyeonggi-do, and its history has been inextricably linked with nearby Seoul since the beginning of the Joson Dynasty. Like Seoul, the city is a fascinating repository of architectural remains from the Joseon period, and our guide today, Mr. Peter Bartholomew, has made intensive study of the Joseon Dynasty from an architectural perspective. We are scheduled to visit the following places :
♦ Hwaryeongjeon: Hwaryeongjeon was constructed by King Sunjo in the first year of his reign (1801) for the memorial ceremonies due to King Jeongjo (his father). It enshrined the portrait of King Jeongjo, and ceremonies were held there annually. Hwaryeongjeon is a fine example of traditional shrine building, one of the few remaining.
♦ Haeng-gung: The Haeng-gung (temporary palace) was built for King Jeongjo (reigned 1776-1800). King Jeongjo was one of the most enlightened kings of the dynasty. He was the son of Crown Prince Sado, whose outrageous behavior became such a scandal that in 1762 his father, King Yeongjo, had him enclosed in a rice chest, where he was left until he died. After becoming king in 1776, Jeongjo did everything he could to express his respect for his father, moving his grave to a much more honorable site at Yungneung near today's Suwon. In 1794, he began to build a new palace and walled city nearby, Hwaseong Haenggung, for use when he visited his father’s grave, and perhaps planning to move the capital away from the intrigues of Hanyang (Seoul). In 1796 he celebrated his mother’s 60th birthday there. During the Japanese colonial period (1910-1945) the palace was almost completely destroyed and what we see today is mainly a recent reconstruction.
♦ Hwaseong Fortress: UNESCO designated the fortress a World Heritage site in 1997. Over 5 km long and averaging 9 meters high, this is Suwon's most impressive landmark, and was the last and most modern of the Joseon fortresses, a masterpiece of city-wall construction. The person in charge of the engineering and architecture for this huge project was none other than Dasan Jeong Yak-yong (1762-1836), the greatest scholar of the age. He drew on Chinese and Japanese models as well as previous Korean ones and used machines that were invented in Europe and described in books written in Chinese by the early Catholic missionaries to China. The walls and the magnificent gates have been restored to their former splendor. We will visit some of the gates and will spend some time walking along the fortress walls.
NOTE: There will be a fair amount of walking and it is very important that you come in comfortable walking shoes.
Cost of the tour is W38,000 for members, and for non-Members W45,000. We will leave from the Yongsan Post Office (Line number4, blue line, Sinyongsan Station #429 exit 1) at 9:00 a.m., and return to Seoul is slated for 6:00 p.m. We will stop for a Korean lunch in a restaurant in Suwon. The lunch cost ranges from W 6,000-8,000, the cost is not included in the price of the excursion. You may also bring a packed lunch if you prefer.
Reservations confirmation: Wednesday September 19, 2012.
PLEASE RESERVE SPACE ON THE VISIT TO SUWON, SUNDAY, September 23, 2012, FOR THE FOLLOWING:
NAME_____________________________ MEMBER________ NONMEMBER_________
NAME_____________________________ MEMBER________ NON-MEMBER_________
PHONE NO. (MOBILE) ______________________ (OFFICE / HOME) __________________
Please make a tour payment before Friday, 21 September, 2012 to the following account:
Shinhan Bank Account #100-026-383501 (RAS-KB)